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Quality Range

One of the greatest natural assets of the Gamtoos Valley is the ability to produce the full range of citrus. From large, flavoursome navels and some of the finest eating oranges of the world – to outstanding sweet soft citrus. The different cultivars currently produced by Patensie Citrus include:

ORANGES, GRAPE FRUIT, LEMONS AND A VARIETY OF SOFT CITRUS

Oranges

NAVEL

Navels are the earliest maturing of orange varieties, producing seedless fruit of larger size than most others, with deep orange, easily peeled rinds, and rich, sweet and pleasant flavour. This is our main cultivar. Varieties include: Palmer, Fisher, Fukumoto, Washington, Mclains, Newhalls, Lina’s and Lane Late. The Navelate is smaller than the navel, and has a smaller and often concealed navel. They are much sweeter than the Navel.

NAVELATE

The Navelate is harvested after the Navel, but prior to the Valencia types. The Navelate is highly sought after in export markets, due to outstanding brix levels. The main varieties include Witkrans, Cambria and the Dan Sweet (Carninka).

CARA CARA NAVEL

The Cara Cara is a navel cultivar that differs from other navels. It owes its pigmented (red) flesh colour to the presence of lyco, the same pigment responsible for the flesh colour of Star ruby grapefrui

WITKRANS NAVEL

Closely related to the Cambria navel, this orange is round, but just as sweet as the Cambria navel. The Witkrans navel are harvested between Navels and Cambrias.

CAMBRIA (NAVELATE)

This fruit has a distinct roundish-oval shape and originates from the Cambria area in the Gamtoos Valley. The skin is yellow orange and the overall sugar content is very high. Cambrias are not vulnerable to creasing like the normal Palmer navels. They mature just before Midknights and usually arrive late in the overseas market, where they are extremely sought after.

VALENCIA

Valencia trees are vigorous and upright. The fruit are roundish-oblong in shape, with a well-coloured, moderately thin rind of smooth, sometimes finely pebbled texture. These days Valencias in the Gamtoos Valley are being substituted by Midknights.

MIDKNIGHT

Of unknown origin, this cultivar’s potential was only recognized in the 1970’s. Its improved characteristics include an exceptionally high juice percentage, better flavour, near seedlessness and a significantly larger fruit size. Midknights mature two to four weeks earlier than the Valencia, but hold on the tree just as late. Midknights are our second largest cultivar.

DELTA

It has a lower sugar content and acidity than the standard Valencia, and reaches maturity one to three weeks earlier.

Grapefruit

STAR RUBY GRAPEFRUIT

Pigmented Star Ruby grapefruit is almost seedless, rarely having more than one or two seeds in a minority of fruits. It has an extremely thick rind, very high juice content and a sweeter, less bitter flavour than a Marsh variety. Due to its late maturity, good quality fresh grapefruit can be packed well after the traditional Northern and Eastern production areas.

Lemon

LEMON

The majority of our lemons are Eureka’s, rind thickness is medium to thin, and the fruit has a high acid level. Seeds are few, mostly seedless.

Soft Citrus

SATSUMA

This is the first Soft Citrus cultivar of the season. Satsumas are seedless and sweet and include varieties such as Miho Wase, Miyagawa, Kuno and Owari.

CLEMENTINE

Clementines are a very sweet reddish cultivar that is almost seedless with excellent eating qualities! The variety we produce is Nules.

NOVA

The Nova is a medium sized mandarin, with an appealing red-orange rind. The internal quality is very good, with juicy segments with a nice deep-orange colour.

AFFOURERS

This soft citrus variety is medium to large sized with an orange to red flesh. They are sweet and basically have no seeds, making them a favourite amongst overseas clients.
Harvest CalendarMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptember
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SatsumasMiho Wase
MIyagawa
Kuno
Owari
ClementinesNules
MandarineNova
Affourer
Mor
NavelsFukumoto
Navelina/Newhall
Fisher
Palmer
Washington
Lane Late
Robyn
Witkrans
Cambria
Nuwelande
Carninka
ValenciasTurkey
Midknight
Delta
LemonsEureka
GrapefruitStar ruby
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